Global Desalination Market By Technology (Multi Stage Flash (MSF), Reverse Osmosis (RO), Multi Effect Distillation (MED), Electrodialysis (ED) And Others), By Source (Seawater, Brackish Water, and Wastewater), By Energy Source (Renewable, and Non-renewable), By End-User (Industrial, Municipal, and Others), By Geography – Forecast (2018 - 2025)
The global desalination market was worth $XX million in 2017 and is forecasted to reach $XX million by 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period (2018-2026).
Desalination or desalinization refers to a process that removes the dissolved salts and other minerals from water in order to make it suitable for human consumption or industrial use. The most common desalination techniques employ reverse-osmosis (RO) in which salt water is enforced through a membrane that permits water molecules to pass but blocks the molecules of salt and other minerals. Desalination is used on many ocean-going ships and submarines. In the last couple of years, membrane processes have developed very fast, and reverse osmosis (R.O.) has taken almost half the world’s installed capacity.
Rising demand for potable water left humans with limited sources including seawater desalination and water recycling which has majorly driven the desalination market growth. For instance, according to Our World in Data, in 2014, India had the largest freshwater withdrawals at over 760 billion cubic meters per year. This was followed by China at just over 600 billion m3 and the United States at around 480 to 490 billion m3. Such high usage of freshwater withdrawals brings water scarcity in the world, thus drawing attention towards desalination of water. In addition, global warming has caused in accelerating the evaporation of water bodies which ultimately has led droughts in several parts of the world. According to The World Bank Group, the Middle East and North Africa have been affected adversely by severe multi-state and multi-year droughts over the past few years. This factor urges the government of the middle east and Africa region to take an inclination towards desalination process.
High cost involved in desalination process and the related equipment limits the global desalination market from growing. Thus, numerous countries are focusing on establishing desalination plants that would run on renewable power sources. For example, according to IEEE Spectrum, in the year 2018, Saudi Arabia launched a solar-powered desalination plant in Al Khafji. However, one other plant is already in operation for desalination of water in the city, powered by fossil fuels. Equipped with oil money, the Saudi Arabia government’s Saline Water Conversion Corp. (i.e. SWCC) has already constructed the world’s most widespread network of desalination plants. However, like countless facilities in Saudi Arabia, those plants are powered generally by fossil fuels.
Furthermore, increasing demand for water in the utility sector such as municipalities and agriculture are expected to further drive the market growth in the coming years. For instance, according to globalagriculture.org, agriculture is by far the largest consumer of the Earth’s available freshwater: 70% of “blue water” withdrawals from groundwater and watercourses are for agricultural usage, three times more than 50 years ago. By 2050, the global water demand for agriculture is projected to increase by a further 19% owing to the irrigational needs.
Technology, source, and geography are the segments considered in the global desalination market. The technology segment is classified on the basis of reverse osmosis, multi-effect distillation, and multi-stage filtration. Based on the technology segment, reverse osmosis is the most widely used technology, owing to its cost-effectiveness, the ability to consume less energy and provide superior purification.
On the basis of the sources segment, the bifurcation is given as seawater, wastewater, and brackish water. The seawater sub-segment contributed to the majority of the market owing to the wide usage of seawater in numerous industrial as well as domestic purposes. However, the brackish water sub-segment is projected to attain the fastest CAGR over the forecasted period. The growth in the segment can be attributed to the rising amount of brackish water being extracted for usage.
Furthermore, geographical coverage has been offered for each of the major regions including North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Middle East and Africa (MEA), and South America. Among all the regions, the Middle East and Africa generated the maximum revenue, primarily driven by the water scarcity in the regions. Additionally, the region has many arid and semi-arid climates with insufficient rainfall and limited access to renewable freshwater resources, which have resulted in scarcity across the regions. Furthermore, aspects such as rapid industrialization, and surging utilization of water into various industries such as oil & gas, manufacturing, and construction has also elevated the use of desalination procedures in the MEA region.
The report presents a detailed analysis of major players operating in the desalination market. Few of them include General Electric, Suez SA, Veolia Environnement S.A., The Dow Chemical Company, Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, Fisia Italimpianti SpA, IDE Technologies Limited, Hyflux Ltd, and Aquatech among others.
Prominent players are adopting product launch, partnerships/collaborations, agreements, investments, and acquisitions as their developmental strategies to sustain in the intense competition and improve their product portfolio. For instance, in the year 2018, Veolia SA planned to desalinate 95,000 m3 of seawater a day to supply the Dhofar region. The Veolia, AWCA Power, and Dhofar International Development and Investment Holding SG (DIDIC) signed this strategic agreement with Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) to develop the Salalah Independent Water Project (IWP). The project relates to seawater desalination for the governorate of Dhofar.
Desalination Market Segmentation
- Reverse Osmosis
- Multi-Effect Distillation
- Multi-Stage Filtration
- Brackish Water
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- Rest of APAC
- Middle East and Africa (MEA)
- South America
- Rest of South America
Table of Content
Desalination Market Key Players
- General Electric
- Suez SA
- Veolia Environnement S.A.
- The Dow Chemical Company
- Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction
- Fisia Italimpianti SpA
- IDE Technologies Limited
- Hyflux Ltd